Thursday, April 26, 2012

Civil War Guns and Artillery Photos and Images



Civil War Small ArmsCivil War Small Arms


Civil War ArtilleryCivil War Artillery


MAXIMUM EFFECTIVE RANGE IN YARDS
12-Pounder Howitzer1,070
6 & 12-Pounder Field Guns1,200
13-Inch Siege Mortar3,520
10-Pounder Parrott Rifle5,000
10-Inch Columbiad Siege Gun5,650
30-Pounder Parrott Rifle8,450
12-Pounder Whitworth Rifle8,800

TYPICAL GUNNER'S TABLE
12-Pounder Field GunPowder Charge 2.5 lbs.
Range (yards)6007008009001,0001,1001,200
Muzzle Elevation1°45'2°15'2°30'3°30'
Fuse Setting (sec.)1.752.502.753.003.254.004.50
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A 15-inch Rodman smoothbore, one of the largest guns mounted during the war,
stands as a silent sentry guarding the Potomac at Alexandria, Virginia.A 15-inch Rodman smoothbore, one of the largest guns mounted during the war, stands as a silent sentry guarding the Potomac at Alexandria, Virginia.


The Parrott Rifle, recognizable by the wrought iron jacket reinforcing its breech,
was one of the first rifled field guns used by the U.S. Army.The Parrott Rifle, recognizable by the wrought iron jacket reinforcing its breech, was one of the first rifled field guns used by the U.S. Army.


Moved by special rail to the Petersburg front, the 13-inch mortar "Dictator" hurled
200-pound exploding shells at the Confederate earthworks over two miles away.Moved by special rail to the Petersburg front, the 13-inch mortar "Dictator" hurled 200-pound exploding shells at the Confederate earthworks over two miles away.


Curious Federal soldiers inspect a Confederate armored gun, the earliest rail
artillery on record. This "land ram", designed by Lt. John M. Brooke of the Confederate
Navy, was first used at Savage Station, Virginia, in 1862.Curious Federal soldiers inspect a Confederate armored gun, the earliest rail artillery on record. This "land ram", designed by Lt. John M. Brooke of the Confederate Navy, was first used at Savage Station, Virginia, in 1862.


Gabions, open-end baskets filled with earth, proved as effective as masonary in
defensive works. Thousands of these baskets were patiently made by hand for
use in field and seacoast fortifications.Gabions, open-end baskets filled with earth, proved as effective as masonary in defensive works. Thousands of these baskets were patiently made by hand for use in field and seacoast fortifications.


Confederate sappers constructed a number of artillery emplacements covering the
avenues of approach to Atlanta. The guns in this fortification overlook famous
Peachtree Street.Confederate sappers constructed a number of artillery emplacements covering the avenues of approach to Atlanta. The guns in this fortification overlook famous Peachtree Street.


Chevaux-de-frise, made of logs pierced by sharp stakes, line the Georgia countryside. Confederate defensive measures such as
this were effective in stopping cavalry and preventing surprise frontal attacks by infantry.Chevaux-de-frise, made of logs pierced by sharp stakes, line the Georgia countryside. Confederate defensive measures such as this were effective in stopping cavalry and preventing surprise frontal attacks by infantry.

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